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PISA's failure to test - the limitations of standardisation


  • Christian Okholm


This essay investigates the implications of using standardised testing as a measurement for quality of education at the upper secondary level. The dynamics of learning and the dynamics of standardised testing are analysed from a systemic perspective, as well as contextualised into a holistic view of the purpose of education. It is argued that the dynamics of standardised testing limit the process of learning, and therefore, slows down the development of quality education. Reforms are proposed to alter the current perception of quality education and a strategy to develop education systems built on sustainable values is composed.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Okholm, 2013. "PISA's failure to test - the limitations of standardisation," International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(3), pages 185-197.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijclma:v:2:y:2013:i:3:p:185-197

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