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Dysfunctional leadership and group unconscious dynamics in the psychoanalytic and complex living system perspectives


  • Alessandro Cavelzani
  • Lloyd C. Williams


When the leader does not succeed in maintaining the team focused on the desired working objectives, unconscious dysfunctional dynamics emerge in the group compromising the business. Psychoanalysis widely studied the unconscious both at individual and at group levels. This paper aims to briefly present such unconscious dynamics, and to propose also an explanation of them which links psychoanalysis with the contemporary complex living systems theories.

Suggested Citation

  • Alessandro Cavelzani & Lloyd C. Williams, 2013. "Dysfunctional leadership and group unconscious dynamics in the psychoanalytic and complex living system perspectives," International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(3), pages 140-147.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijclma:v:2:y:2013:i:3:p:140-147

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