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How participants understand complexity theory through a school leadership programme in Singapore


  • Pak Tee Ng


This paper presents the results of a research into how the participants understand complexity theory through the leaders in education programme (LEP) in Singapore. The LEP is a six-month full time programme for specially selected vice-principals and ministry officers in Singapore to prepare them for school leadership. The LEP is designed with reference to complexity theory and part of its aim is to equip the participants with an understanding of complexity theory. The research showed that the participants found complexity theory to be 'something familiar', but the theory had more power in description than in prediction. Even so, they were able to generate insights into the application of complexity in school situation and discern the application of complexity theory in the design of the LEP.

Suggested Citation

  • Pak Tee Ng, 2011. "How participants understand complexity theory through a school leadership programme in Singapore," International Journal of Complexity in Leadership and Management, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 1(3), pages 301-313.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijclma:v:1:y:2011:i:3:p:301-313

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