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Cabotage and sulphur regulation change: cost effects to Northern Europe


  • Olli-Pekka Hilmola
  • Ain Kiisler
  • Per Hilletofth


Change has been persistent in European Union regarding new directive and international agreements concerning the logistics sector. Recently, cabotage rules were implemented for road transports, and new demanding low sulphur levels applied at English Channel, North Sea and Baltic Sea for sea vessels. Our research concerns the implications to transportation costs of these changes in largest Estonian, Finnish and Swedish companies. Survey shows that cabotage regulation change has resulted in no change within road freight prices (some possibility for decline). On the contrary, sulphur regulation has resulted in freight cost increase (up to 6% higher than before). Interestingly, respondents show some movement in the use of different routes to or from Central Europe. Using a longer hinterland transportation route through Baltics has some momentum to grow, while others are under of somewhat pressure. However, this noted change is not significant, and does not concern most of the companies.

Suggested Citation

  • Olli-Pekka Hilmola & Ain Kiisler & Per Hilletofth, 2017. "Cabotage and sulphur regulation change: cost effects to Northern Europe," International Journal of Business and Systems Research, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 11(4), pages 417-428.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijbsre:v:11:y:2017:i:4:p:417-428

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    cabotage; sulphur; Baltic Sea; Estonia; Finland; Sweden.;


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