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The determinants of multiple forms of controls in foreign subsidiary manager evaluations


  • Lili-Anne Kihn


This study explores how the determinants of financial, non-financial and behavioural controls vary in foreign subsidiary manager performance evaluations. Possible impacts of the following factors are analysed: extent of geographical dispersion, decentralisation and perceived environmental changes. Hypotheses are tested, using principal component and multiple regression analysis, with data collected from annual reports and from 103 top managers from a wide range of Finnish business unit headquarters. The results suggest that, in MNCs, top management's emphasis on financial controls tends to remain very high, regardless of the contingencies analysed. However, the data support several regularities between the factors examined and non-financial controls in particular and behavioural controls to a smaller extent. This, in turn, leads to variations in the relative emphasis on financial controls.

Suggested Citation

  • Lili-Anne Kihn, 2008. "The determinants of multiple forms of controls in foreign subsidiary manager evaluations," International Journal of Accounting, Auditing and Performance Evaluation, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 5(2), pages 157-182.
  • Handle: RePEc:ids:ijaape:v:5:y:2008:i:2:p:157-182

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    Cited by:

    1. Ossi Pesämaa, 2017. "Personnel- and action control in gazelle companies in Sweden," Journal of Management Control: Zeitschrift für Planung und Unternehmenssteuerung, Springer, vol. 28(1), pages 107-132, February.


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