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Cooperación Y Competencia Como Antecedentes De La Innovación De Producto. ¿Aplican Las Empresas Nuevas Y Establecidas Una Lógica Diferenciada? / Cooperation And Competition As Antecedents Of Product Innovation. Is There A Different Logic For New Ventures And Incumbents?

Author

Listed:
  • Antolín-López, Raquel

    () (Universidad de Almería (España))

  • Martínez-del-Río, Javier

    () (Universidad de Almería (España))

  • Céspedes-Lorente, José

    () (Universidad de Almería (España))

Abstract

En este trabajo se examina la relación entre distintos tipos de colaboración y competencia con la innovación de producto, diferenciando entre empresas nuevas y establecidas. Las hipótesis propuestas sugieren un patrón de «co-operación» diferenciado. Específicamente, para las empresas nuevas, las colaboraciones más efectivas son las que les permiten abaratar costes y reducir riesgos (pymes, otras empresas nuevas, entidades financieras y centros de conocimiento). En cambio, las empresas establecidas se benefician más de la colaboración con otras empresas establecidas. Adicionalmente, la relación entre una competencia intensa y la innovación de producto es más fuerte para las empresas establecidas que para las nuevas. Los resultados obtenidos, empleando una muestra de 3.528 empresas en clústeres geográficos de 32 países europeos, confirman en términos generales las hipótesis establecidas. Estos resultados presentan interesantes implicaciones para la investigación en entrepreneurship, cooperación y dinámicas competitivas. / The relationships between different types of cooperation and rivalry and product innovation are examined in this article, differentiating between new and established companies. The hypotheses proposed suggest different patterns of cooperation. For new companies, the most effective types of cooperation are those which can lower costs and reduce risks (small and medium size companies, other new companies, financial bodies and knowledge centres). On the other hand, established companies may benefit more by cooperating with other established companies. Furthermore, the relationship between intense rivalry and product innovation is stronger for established companies than for new ones. The results obtained, using a sample of 3,528 companies in geographical clusters of 32 European countries, confirm the established hypotheses in general terms. These results have interesting implications for research into entrepreneurship, cooperation and competitive dynamics.

Suggested Citation

  • Antolín-López, Raquel & Martínez-del-Río, Javier & Céspedes-Lorente, José, 2013. "Cooperación Y Competencia Como Antecedentes De La Innovación De Producto. ¿Aplican Las Empresas Nuevas Y Establecidas Una Lógica Diferenciada? / Cooperation And Competition As Antecedents Of Product I," Investigaciones Europeas de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa (IEDEE), Academia Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa (AEDEM), vol. 19(1), pages 53-62.
  • Handle: RePEc:idi:jiedee:v:19:y:2013:i:1:p:53-62
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    Keywords

    Empresas nuevas; Cooperación; Rivalidad; Innovación; Clúster; New companies; Cooperation; Rivalry; Innovation; Cluster;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • M13 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - New Firms; Startups
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D

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