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Factores Que Influyen En La Velocidad Del Proceso Exportador: Aplicación A Las Empresas Manufactureras Españolas /

Author

Listed:
  • Olivares Mesa, A.

    () (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (España))

  • Suárez Ortega, S.M

    () (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria (España))

Abstract

Este estudio plantea el proceso exportador como un conjunto de fases sucesivas: la fase previa, la fase inicial y la fase avanzada. Investigamos empíricamente los factores que aceleran o retardan la entrada de la empresa en cada una de las fases. Sobre la teoría de los recursos y capacidades de la empresa, proponemos un marco de trabajo que consiste en factores específicos de la empresa y en factores de localización/sectoriales. Metodológicamente, empleamos los modelos de duración. Los resultados muestran que el contacto con los proveedores extranjeros es el factor más significativo que acelera la entrada tanto en la fase inicial como avanzada del proceso. Una gama amplia de productos está también significativamente asociada con una entrada temprana en la fase inicial. Sin embargo, la participación de capital extranjero es más importante para una entrada temprana en la fase avanzada. Los resultados muestran también que el calendario del proceso difiere entre sectores y localizaciones: las empresas que fabrican componentes de automóviles son las más rápidas en internacionalizarse, mientras que las empresas localizadas en las islas Canarias son las más lentas. / This study postulates the export development process is a set of sequential phases: the preengagement phase, the initial phase and the advanced phase. We empirically investigate factors that accelerate or decelerate timing of entry in each phase. Based on the resource-based view of the firm, we propose a frame-work that consists of firm-specific factors and industry/location factors. We use event history analysis. Results show that contact with foreign suppliers is the more significant factor in accelerating entry into both initial and advanced phases of the process. A broad scope of products is also significantly associated with an early entry in the initial phase. However, foreign capital participation is more important for an early entry in the advanced phase. Results also show that timing of the process differs between industries and locations. Firms manufacturing motor vehicle parts are the fastest, while firms located in the Canary Islands are the slowest.

Suggested Citation

  • Olivares Mesa, A. & Suárez Ortega, S.M, 2007. "Factores Que Influyen En La Velocidad Del Proceso Exportador: Aplicación A Las Empresas Manufactureras Españolas /," Investigaciones Europeas de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa (IEDEE), Academia Europea de Dirección y Economía de la Empresa (AEDEM), vol. 13(1), pages 167-181.
  • Handle: RePEc:idi:jiedee:v:13:y:2007:i:1:p:167-181
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