Inequality in Land Distribution Pattern: An Empirical Analysis
This paper attempts to study the changes in the pattern of land distribution in India and particularly in Orissa during the period 1970-71 to 1995-96. The findings of this study reveal that the marginal and semi-medium farmers are gaining in importance at the expense of small, medium and large farmers owning operated holdings in the country. The author further states that land reform has succeeded in Orissa in reducing the concentration of large holdings, but the main beneficiaries are middle-scale farmers. This paper suggests that there should be proper distribution of surplus land among the landless following strict implementation of the ceiling laws, since increasing landlessness causes a serious problem for the ruling class and the society at large. The author believes that as our agrarian institutions are biased to large-scale farmers, there is necessity to gear these institutions towards the marginal and small farmers, who have been increasing continuously.
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Volume (Year): II (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (October)
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