IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

From Urbanization to Metropolization; A Case Study of Romania

Listed author(s):
  • Liliana GURAN-NICA


    (Spiru Haret University, Ion Ghica, no. 13, Bucharest, 030045, Romania)

  • Michael SOFER


    (Bar Ilan University, Ramat Gan, 5290002 Israel)


    (Spiru Haret University)

Registered author(s):

    The metropolitan areas (MA) in Romania, defined as 'intercommunity development association', are legally constituted in the last decade as voluntary partnership between a city and the neighbouring rural and urban settlements no further than 30 km. They are characterized by a specific development process that involves all the components: economic, social, cultural and, mainly, infrastructure. The interdisciplinary research carried on in the Constanța Metropolitan Area revealed the emergence of many new processes involving all the components of this regional system. An extended research would reveal similar evolutions of all the Romanian MAs. Thus, from the demographic point of view this rural-urban fringe experiences a phenomenon previously observed in western societies, the population turnaround. This new demographic behavior determined the increase of the rural population percentage weight in the area, and, consequently, the economic function of the rural settlements, meaning that the predominant agricultural activities are combined with services and, sometimes, industrial activities. The rural communities are also changing, as the proportion of the middle class is growing, and, in some cases, replacing the lower classes (the rural gentrification process). But there is also the migration of the poor urban population looking for some stable income sources offered by the rural subsistence economy. This growing urban-rural migration flow determines the overcrowding of the rural areas and, implicitly, environmental and landscape degradation.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Spiru Haret University in its journal Published in Procedia of Economics and Business Administration.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2016)
    Issue (Month): 1 (October)
    Pages: 106-113

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:icb:wpaper:v:3:y:2016:i:1:106-113
    Contact details of provider: Web page:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:icb:wpaper:v:3:y:2016:i:1:106-113. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Rocsana Bucea-Manea-Tonis)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.