IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ibn/assjnl/v12y2016i1p17-23.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Examining Physical Activity and Play Behavior Preferences between First Graders and Last Graders in Primary School Children in Tehran

Author

Listed:
  • Noura Marouf
  • Adi Irfan Che-Ani
  • Norngainy Mohd Tawil

Abstract

School grounds are critical places because they are some of the few play areas available for children to develop and transfer peer culture. Moreover, school playtime, which is often called ¡°recess¡±, offers children daily opportunities for physical activity in the outdoor environment. During school years, age has always been presented in the studies on children as a fundamental component of their development. Children of different ages are interested in different play styles and have various play priorities. However, few studies have compared play patterns in children within age groups. This study explores play behaviors during recess in elementary school children overall, and secondly examines the differences in the play behavior of children, considering first graders who enter elementary school and the last graders. This study uses quantitative design and naturalistic observational approaches. An ethnogram recorded the observations of the play activities preferences of the children. The results of this study showed that girls spend the majority of their recess talking and socializing with peers generally. Older children, particularly those in grades fifth and sixth, spend more time socializing than other age groups. Children in the first grade spent much time in active free play, such as chasing and running, during recess and tend use their playtime as an opportunity to perform a physical activity; therefore the significance of combining recess and provisions for physical activity to reach health goals becomes clearer. These findings are interesting considerations for further research; such information could help to develop appropriate interventions to improve the recess.

Suggested Citation

  • Noura Marouf & Adi Irfan Che-Ani & Norngainy Mohd Tawil, 2016. "Examining Physical Activity and Play Behavior Preferences between First Graders and Last Graders in Primary School Children in Tehran," Asian Social Science, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 12(1), pages 17-23, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibn:assjnl:v:12:y:2016:i:1:p:17-23
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/view/43810
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL: http://www.ccsenet.org/journal/index.php/ass/article/view/43810
    Download Restriction: no

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ibn:assjnl:v:12:y:2016:i:1:p:17-23. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Canadian Center of Science and Education). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/cepflch.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.