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Gender Differences and Attitudes in Entrepreneurial Intentions: the Role of Career Choice


  • Jose C Sánchez

    (University of Salamanca)


Gender differences in entrepreneurial intentions and agentic traits frequently linked to entrepreneurship (locus of control, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, risk-taking propensity, and proactiveness) were examined using a sample of Spanish university students, 535 women and 283 men. Self-reported data were collected through a questionnaire consisting of several scales. MANOVA results showed gender differences in entrepreneurial intention and entrepreneurial self-efficacy, in the sense that men felt themselves more efficient and oriented to create a new venture than women. Nevertheless, major area and age explained differences in the variables studied better than gender.

Suggested Citation

  • Jose C Sánchez, 2012. "Gender Differences and Attitudes in Entrepreneurial Intentions: the Role of Career Choice," Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education, Institute of Economic Sciences, issue 1-2, pages 7-27.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibg:jwejou:y:2012:i:1-2:p:7-27

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    More about this item


    Entrepreneurship; career choice; gender-role stereotypes; agentic traits;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition


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