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Comparing the Entrepreneurial Intention between Female and Male Engineering Students


  • Lo Choitung

    (City University of Hong Kong, Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management)

  • Sun Hongyi

    (City University of Hong Kong, Department of Systems Engineering and Engineering Management)

  • Law Kris

    (The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering)


Women business ownership contributes to entrepreneurship quality and diversity. However, the new venture creation rate of females lags far behind that of males. How to increase female entrepreneurship by entrepreneurship education is an important topic in the field. It has been reported that students’ entrepreneurial intention is a key to their future entrepreneurial behaviors. This paper aims to empirically compare the entrepreneurial intentions between female and male engineering students with the exertion of entrepreneurship education. The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) was used as the theoretical basis of this study. A total of 411 engineering students from three universities in Hong Kong, 303 males and 108 females, were involved in this study. The results show that TPB is appropriate to explain entrepreneurial intention of both female and male students. Further, male and female students are different in terms of entrepreneurial attitudes, social norms and entrepreneurial intentions even they experienced entrepreneurial education. This study suggests that teaching strategies to foster entrepreneurial intention of females should (1) emphasize female entrepreneurship, 2) provide female entrepreneurial models, and (3) create an entrepreneurial culture in campus. This study is perhaps the first study to investigate the entrepreneurial intentions by gender in association with entrepreneurship education. It contributes to developing appropriate education measures to aid female students to achieve entrepreneurial potential and promote female entrepreneurship.

Suggested Citation

  • Lo Choitung & Sun Hongyi & Law Kris, 2012. "Comparing the Entrepreneurial Intention between Female and Male Engineering Students," Journal of Women's Entrepreneurship and Education, Institute of Economic Sciences, issue 1-2, pages 28-51.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibg:jwejou:y:2012:i:1-2:p:28-51

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    More about this item


    Entrepreneurship education; entrepreneurial intention; gender difference; theory of planned behavior;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • J82 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - Labor Force Composition


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