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Inflation, Market Structure and Globalization. A Sectoral Study for Mexico


  • Benita Maldonado Francisco Javier

    () (Monterrey Institute of Technology, Department of System & Industrial Engineering, Mexico)


This article discusses the importance of market structure as a determinant of inflation. The research analyzes part of those called „necessary structural reforms” announced in recent years in Mexico. Taking into account the long tradition in openness generated in recent decades, I capture the sectoral level differences between openness and competition by considering 15 of 23 manufacturing sectors into the OECD industrial classification over the period 1990-2009. Estimations using panel data models shows that openness has a positive effect on inflation, this is, firms that import the most tend to increase the costs on their final products. However, inflation decreases when market competition increase.

Suggested Citation

  • Benita Maldonado Francisco Javier, 2013. "Inflation, Market Structure and Globalization. A Sectoral Study for Mexico," Economic Analysis, Institute of Economic Sciences, vol. 46(3-4), pages 26-36.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibg:eajour:v:46:y:2013:i:3-4:p:26-36

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    Inflation; market competition; trade openness; Mexico;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation


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