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Absorption Capacity of European Union Pre-accession Programs in Croatia


  • Vladimira Ivandic

    () (Ministry of Finance, Zagreb)

  • Vinko Kandzija

    (University of Rijeka, Faculty of Economics)

  • Jelena Kandzija

    (Attorney at Law, Zagreb)


The utilization of European Union (EU) financial assistance is one of the central issues for Member States, as well as Candidate Countries like Croatia. In order to fully gain from the allocated resources of the EU budget, each country needs an adequate absorption capacity (AC). This article is about the absorption capacity of EU pre-accession programs in Croatia. The absorption capacity of EU pre-accession assistance is seen from two theoretical standpoints: the first originates from development economics, while the second developed from the theory of multilevel governance (MLG). The purpose of this article is to analyse the factors / determinants of absorption capacity, and the implementation of pre-accession programs in Croatian municipalities. In order to test the relation of AC and implementation (usage) of the EU funds, an empirical multivariable regression model of AC was established. The empirical estimation confirmed the expected positive correlation between the AC and EU funds. Another key issue that was discovered is that AC is very much a dynamic concept in the sense that ability to use EU funds changes over time, in response to a variety of endogenous and exogenous factors. As such, it calls for broader analysis and presents a challenge for further work on the subject.

Suggested Citation

  • Vladimira Ivandic & Vinko Kandzija & Jelena Kandzija, 2013. "Absorption Capacity of European Union Pre-accession Programs in Croatia," Economic Analysis, Institute of Economic Sciences, vol. 46(1-2), pages 53-71.
  • Handle: RePEc:ibg:eajour:v:46:y:2013:i:1-2:p:53-71

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. António Portugal Duarte & João Sousa Andrade, 2012. "How the Gold Standard functioned in Portugal: an analysis of some macroeconomic aspects," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(5), pages 617-629, February.
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    More about this item


    Absorption capacity of financial assistance; EU pre-accession programs; municipalities; multilevel governance;

    JEL classification:

    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration


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