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Population Dynamics In The Romanian Danube Valley. Geographical Aspects Of The Young Population – Labour Relations


  • Daniela NANCU

    (Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Bianca MITRICĂ

    () (Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Mihaela PERSU

    (Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania)

  • Irena MOCANU

    (Institute of Geography, Romanian Academy, Bucharest, Romania)


The Danube Valley population has experienced a thoroughly negative dynamics in the last two decades. The factors generating this situation were of social-economic nature, given the context of the post-1989 deep political changes in Romania. The population, the rural population in particular, had to cope with problems such as ageing, depleted birth rate and fertility, external migration and even the depopulation of settlements, all these completing the picture of the demographic decline in the region. The negative population dynamics in the period 1992-2011 indicates the onset of a deep crisis in the Danube Valley, just like in many other regions of Romania, the demographic aspects going hand in hand with the economic situation and the political drawbacks. According to the last Population Census (2011), the activity rate and the employment rate in the Danube Valley were lower than the national rates. The territorial distribution of the values characteristic for the labour substitution index suggests the incapacity of almost the entire Danube Valley area to maintain its demographic and productive force.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniela NANCU & Bianca MITRICĂ & Mihaela PERSU & Irena MOCANU, 2015. "Population Dynamics In The Romanian Danube Valley. Geographical Aspects Of The Young Population – Labour Relations," Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Institute of Agricultural Economics, vol. 12(2), pages 157-173.
  • Handle: RePEc:iag:reviea:v:12:y:2015:i:2:p:157-173

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    More about this item


    young population; labor; dynamics; Danube Valley;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • A12 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines


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