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Chancellor Schr÷der, the SPD, and Agenda 2010


  • Gerard Braunthal

    () (University of Massachusetts/Amherst, Amherst, MA, USA)


In March 1993, Chancellor Schr÷der announced that cutbacks to the social welfare system were necessary to improve the ?nancial and economic situation of the country. His program, proclaimed as Agenda 2010, covered ?nance, labor market, unemployment insurance, health, and pension reforms. It received the reluctant support of the SPD and the Greens. But the trade unions and the SPDÆs left wing denounced the neoliberal program and urged, in vain, that left-Keynesian measures be taken to ameliorate the cutbacks. Adoption of Agenda 2010 has sparked protest demonstrations and weakened the SPD in numerous elections. It may produce the partyÆs defeat in the 2006 national election. The article tests the theory that welfare cutbacks will have negative electoral consequences for any party in power and suggests that the Schr÷der government should seriously consider adopting left-Keynesian proposals for a revised Agenda 2010 in order to reduce the steep income di?erentials.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerard Braunthal, 2004. "Chancellor Schr÷der, the SPD, and Agenda 2010," Homo Oeconomicus, Institute of SocioEconomics, vol. 21, pages 543-572.
  • Handle: RePEc:hom:homoec:v:21:y:2004:p:543-572

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