IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Defining Economic Nationalism on the Basis of 19th Century Bulgarian Experience


  • Pencho D. Penchev

    () (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria - Department of Political Economy)


The aim of this paper is to clarify the definition of economic nationalism on the basis of recent scientific achievements, and by drawing attention to new facts from the history of economic thought in Bulgaria before the liberation of the country from Ottoman domination (1878). According to modern concepts economic nationalism is not illiberal or protectionist, because some economic nationalists were liberals and free-traders. The existing definitions of economic nationalism are based on the explicit or implicit assumption of the existence of a nation-state. An important feature of the early history of the Bulgarian economic nationalism is that it was stateless, because until Bulgaria’s liberation in 1878 the Bulgarians did not have a nation-state. Therefore economic nationalism is defined as a collectivist approach to the economy based on the deliberate encouragement of one’s own nation.

Suggested Citation

  • Pencho D. Penchev, 2016. "Defining Economic Nationalism on the Basis of 19th Century Bulgarian Experience," History of Economic Ideas, Fabrizio Serra Editore, Pisa - Roma, vol. 24(1), pages 83-104.
  • Handle: RePEc:hid:journl:v:24:y:2016:1:5:p:83-104

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Nikolay Nenovsky & Pencho Penchev, 2018. "Between Enthusiasm and Skepticism: Bulgarian Economists and Europe (1878-1944)," HISTORY OF ECONOMIC THOUGHT AND POLICY, FrancoAngeli Editore, vol. 2018(1), pages 27-55.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hid:journl:v:24:y:2016:1:5:p:83-104. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mario Aldo Cedrini). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.