Defining Economic Nationalism on the Basis of 19th Century Bulgarian Experience
The aim of this paper is to clarify the definition of economic nationalism on the basis of recent scientific achievements, and by drawing attention to new facts from the history of economic thought in Bulgaria before the liberation of the country from Ottoman domination (1878). According to modern concepts economic nationalism is not illiberal or protectionist, because some economic nationalists were liberals and free-traders. The existing definitions of economic nationalism are based on the explicit or implicit assumption of the existence of a nation-state. An important feature of the early history of the Bulgarian economic nationalism is that it was stateless, because until Bulgaria’s liberation in 1878 the Bulgarians did not have a nation-state. Therefore economic nationalism is defined as a collectivist approach to the economy based on the deliberate encouragement of one’s own nation.
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