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Shaping a new international commercial order: a comparison of a number of concepts developed in the first half of the 20th century


  • Claude Schwob

    () (Université de Strasbourg - BETA-CNRS)


In the first half of the 20th century, a number of authors drew up different projects aimed at coordinating national trade policies through the creation of an appropriate international structure. During World War ii, concrete negotiations were engaged on these topics. In this paper, we compare the central proposals of some of the major actors of this debate: Hull and Bidwell on the American side, and Meade on the British side. The debates relating to the conception of a trade cooperation structure focused on two fundamental principles: multilateralism and supranationalism.

Suggested Citation

  • Claude Schwob, 2012. "Shaping a new international commercial order: a comparison of a number of concepts developed in the first half of the 20th century," History of Economic Ideas, Fabrizio Serra Editore, Pisa - Roma, vol. 20(3), pages 107-140.
  • Handle: RePEc:hid:journl:v:20:y:2012:3:8:p:107-140

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sargent, Thomas J. & Wallace, Neil, 1976. "Rational expectations and the theory of economic policy," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 2(2), pages 169-183, April.
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    3. Roger E. A. Farmer, 1999. "Macroeconomics of Self-fulfilling Prophecies, 2nd Edition," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 2, volume 1, number 0262062038, July.
    4. Meacci, Ferdinando & Caldari, Katia, 2007. "Errors in Time as Causes of Economic Fluctuations: An Introduction," MPRA Paper 11703, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Kregel, J A, 1976. "Economic Methodology in the Face of Uncertainty: The Modelling Methods of Keynes and the Post-Keynesians," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 86(342), pages 209-225, June.
    6. Ferdinando Meacci, 2009. "Uncertainty And Expectations In Shackle'S Theory Of Capital And Interest," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 60(2), pages 302-323, May.
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