IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/gok/ijdcv1/v3y2012i2p1250015.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

China's security wisdom: a historical review

Author

Listed:
  • Dongmei Han

Abstract

With "Family and Nation" (宗庙社稷) as the top priority, China has had strategic considerations to deal with domestic and foreign affairs, which gradually formed a series of relatively stable national security strategic thought throughout Chinese history. Based on literature surveys, the author systematically reviews the Chinese traditional security strategy from the Qin to the Qing Dynasty. The author then analyses the core security strategy wisdom of China which contains the following sayings: "Balance civil or Wen and military or Wu" (æ–‡æ­¦å¹¶é‡ ); "Rich and powerful country contains a strong military power and thus indicates opportunities to win the war in the future" (国富者兵强,兵强者战胜); "Political and military means support each other"(文功武备), "Though your country may be strong, asking for wars is suicide. Though it may seem peaceful, it is a deadly mistake to forget about war" (å›½è™½å¤§ï¼Œå¥½æˆ˜å¿…äº¡ã€‚å¤©ä¸‹è™½å®‰ï¼Œå¿˜æˆ˜å¿…å ±); "Attracting neighboring countries with strong power and peace within China in order to achieve regional peace"(æ²»å®‰ä¸­å›½ï¼Œè€Œå››å¤·è‡ªæœ ). In the third part, the author analyses the Chinese traditional security strategy wisdom's significance by providing the essence of strategic thinking, positive and negative wisdom and lessons for developing national security, and epistemological tools. In the final part of the paper, the author comes to the conclusion that Chinese traditional security strategy encourage the integrated use of military, political, economic and other national strategic resources, by the way of "balance civil or Wen and military or Wu" (æ–‡æ­¦å¹¶é‡ ) to achieve the strategic objective of establishing and maintaining the feudal pattern of unity, strengthening the monarchy at the core of the centralized, and promoting national integration and unity.

Suggested Citation

  • Dongmei Han, 2012. "China's security wisdom: a historical review," International Journal of Development and Conflict, Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics, vol. 2(3), pages 1250015-125.
  • Handle: RePEc:gok:ijdcv1:v:3:y:2012:i:2:p:1250015
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.worldscientific.com/doi/abs/10.1142/S2010269012500159
    Download Restriction: no

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gok:ijdcv1:v:3:y:2012:i:2:p:1250015. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/gipepin.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.