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Pigs and Pollards: Medieval Insights for UK Wood Pasture Restoration

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  • Dolly Jørgensen

    () (Umeå University, Department of Ecology & Environmental Science, 90187 Umeå, Sweden)

Abstract

English wood pastures have become a target for ecological restoration, including the restoration of pollarded trees and grazing animals, although pigs have not been frequently incorporated into wood pasture restoration schemes. Because wood pastures are cultural landscapes, created through the interaction of natural processes and human practices, a historical perspective on wood pasture management practices has the potential to provide insights for modern restoration projects. Using a wide range of both written and artistic sources form the Middle Ages, this article argues that pigs were fed in wood pastures both during the mast season when acorns were available and at other times as grazing fields. Pollarded pedunculate oak ( Quercus robur ) likely dominated these sustainable cultural landscapes during the medieval period.

Suggested Citation

  • Dolly Jørgensen, 2013. "Pigs and Pollards: Medieval Insights for UK Wood Pasture Restoration," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(2), pages 1-13, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:5:y:2013:i:2:p:387-399:d:23215
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    swine; oaks; woodlands; restoration; Middle Ages; history;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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