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Modular Lead-Bismuth Fast Reactors in Nuclear Power

Author

Listed:
  • Georgy Toshinsky

    () (State Scientific Center Institute for Physics and Power Engineering (SSC IPPE), 1, Bondarenko Sq., Obninsk, Kaluga Rg. 249033, Russia
    JSC “AKME Engineering”, 13, Pyatnitskaya St., Bld. 1, Moscow 115035, Russia)

  • Vladimir Petrochenko

    () (JSC “AKME Engineering”, 13, Pyatnitskaya St., Bld. 1, Moscow 115035, Russia)

Abstract

On the basis of the unique experience of operating reactors with heavy liquid metal coolant–eutectic lead-bismuth alloy in nuclear submarines, the concept of modular small fast reactors SVBR-100 for civilian nuclear power has been developed and validated. The features of this innovative technology are as follows: a monoblock (integral) design of the reactor with fast neutron spectrum, which can operate using different types of fuel in various fuel cycles including MOX fuel in a self-providing mode. The reactor is distinct in that it has a high level of self-protection and passive safety, it is factory manufactured and the assembled reactor can be transported by railway. Multipurpose application of the reactor is presumed, primarily, it can be used for regional power to produce electricity, heat and for water desalination. The Project is being realized within the framework of state-private partnership with joint venture OJSC “AKME-Engineering” established on a parity basis by the State Atomic Energy Corporation “Rosatom” and the Limited Liability Company “EuroSibEnergo”.

Suggested Citation

  • Georgy Toshinsky & Vladimir Petrochenko, 2012. "Modular Lead-Bismuth Fast Reactors in Nuclear Power," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(9), pages 1-24, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:9:p:2293-2316:d:20152
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    lead bismuth; fast reactor; reactor safety; SVBR-100; potential energy; nuclear fuel cycle; uranium oxide;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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