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An Overview of Disease-Free Buffalo Breeding Projects with Reference to the Different Systems Used in South Africa

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  • Liesel Laubscher

    () (Department of Animal Science, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa)

  • Louwrens Hoffman

    () (Department of Animal Science, University of Stellenbosch, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa)

Abstract

This paper describes the successful national program initiated by the South African government to produce disease-free African buffalo so as to ensure the sustainability of this species due to threats from diseases. Buffalo are known carriers of foot-and-mouth disease, bovine tuberculosis, Corridor disease and brucellosis. A long-term program involving multiphase testing and a breeding scheme for buffalo is described where, after 10 years, a sustainable number of buffalo herds are now available that are free of these four diseases. A large portion of the success was attributable to the use of dairy cows as foster parents with the five-stage quarantine process proving highly effective in maintaining the “disease-free” status of both the calves and the foster cows. The projects proved the successfulness of breeding with African buffalo in a commercial system that was unique to African buffalo and maintained the “wildness” of the animals so that they could effectively be released back into the wild with minimal, if any, behavioral problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Liesel Laubscher & Louwrens Hoffman, 2012. "An Overview of Disease-Free Buffalo Breeding Projects with Reference to the Different Systems Used in South Africa," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(11), pages 1-17, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:11:p:3124-3140:d:21483
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sovacool, Benjamin K., 2008. "Valuing the greenhouse gas emissions from nuclear power: A critical survey," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(8), pages 2940-2953, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    foot-and-mouth disease; Corridor disease; bovine tuberculosis; brucellosis; buffalo; captive breeding;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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