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Heaven and Earth—Sustaining Elements in Hakka Tulou

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Listed:
  • Keith D. Lowe

    () (Tsung Tsin Association of Ontario, 3880 Midland Ave, Scarborough, ON M1V 5K4, Canada)

Abstract

Hakka culture reveals how the ancient Chinese lived. Hakka architecture yields much evidence that modern Hakka culture of the south flows from the ancient stream of the north. The genius of the Hakka is best seen in the unique roundhouses of the mountainous borderland of three provinces—Guangdong, Fujian and Jiangxi. However, in completing the fourth of five migrations, the Hakka returned to the traditional building styles of the northern plains of China and built Wufenglou on the plains of southern Guangdong province. The structures not only facilitate environmental sustainability, but endow the inhabitants with material, social and spiritual sustainability.

Suggested Citation

  • Keith D. Lowe, 2012. "Heaven and Earth—Sustaining Elements in Hakka Tulou," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 4(11), pages 1-8, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:4:y:2012:i:11:p:2795-2802:d:20935
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Hakka Tulou; sustainability; Hakka culture; Han culture; Heaven and Earth; rammed earth; earth buildings; round house (yuanlou); oval house (weilonglou); five-phoenix house (wufenglou);

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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