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Multifunctional Urban Agriculture for Sustainable Land Use Planning in the United States

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  • Sarah Taylor Lovell

    () (Department of Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, 1201 Dorner Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA)

Abstract

Urban agriculture offers an alternative land use for integrating multiple functions in densely populated areas. While urban agriculture has historically been an important element of cities in many developing countries, recent concerns about economic and food security have resulted in a growing movement to produce food in cities of developed countries including the United States. In these regions, urban agriculture offers a new frontier for land use planners and landscape designers to become involved in the development and transformation of cities to support community farms, allotment gardens, rooftop gardening, edible landscaping, urban forests, and other productive features of the urban environment. Despite the growing interest in urban agriculture, urban planners and landscape designers are often ill-equipped to integrate food-systems thinking into future plans for cities. The challenge (and opportunity) is to design urban agriculture spaces to be multifunctional, matching the specific needs and preferences of local residents, while also protecting the environment. This paper provides a review of the literature on urban agriculture as it applies to land use planning in the United States. The background includes a brief historical perspective of urban agriculture around the world, as well as more recent examples in the United States. Land use applications are considered for multiple scales, from efforts that consider an entire city, to those that impact a single building or garden. Barriers and constraints to urban agriculture are discussed, followed by research opportunities and methodological approaches that might be used to address them. This work has implications for urban planners, landscape designers, and extension agents, as opportunities to integrate urban agriculture into the fabric of our cities expand.

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Taylor Lovell, 2010. "Multifunctional Urban Agriculture for Sustainable Land Use Planning in the United States," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(8), pages 1-24, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:8:p:2499-2522:d:9177
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    3. George Martin & Roland Clift & Ian Christie, 2016. "Urban Cultivation and Its Contributions to Sustainability: Nibbles of Food but Oodles of Social Capital," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-18, April.
    4. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:409:d:68893 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kathrin Specht & Rosemarie Siebert & Susanne Thomaier & Ulf B. Freisinger & Magdalena Sawicka & Axel Dierich & Dietrich Henckel & Maria Busse, 2015. "Zero-Acreage Farming in the City of Berlin: An Aggregated Stakeholder Perspective on Potential Benefits and Challenges," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(4), pages 1-13, April.
    6. Minghong Tan, 2014. "The Transition of Farmland Production Functions in Metropolitan Areas in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(7), pages 1-14, June.
    7. Ina Opitz & Regine Berges & Annette Piorr & Thomas Krikser, 2016. "Contributing to food security in urban areas: differences between urban agriculture and peri-urban agriculture in the Global North," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 33(2), pages 341-358, June.
    8. Poulsen, Melissa N. & McNab, Philip R. & Clayton, Megan L. & Neff, Roni A., 2015. "A systematic review of urban agriculture and food security impacts in low-income countries," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 131-146.
    9. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:12:p:2307-:d:122678 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Amerasinghe, Priyanie & Cofie, Olufunke & Larbi, T. O. & Drechsel, Pay, 2013. "Facilitating outcomes: multi-stakeholder processes for influencing policy change on urban agriculture in selected West African and South Asian cities," IWMI Reports 201010, International Water Management Institute.
    11. Kathrin Specht & Rosemarie Siebert & Ina Hartmann & Ulf Freisinger & Magdalena Sawicka & Armin Werner & Susanne Thomaier & Dietrich Henckel & Heike Walk & Axel Dierich, 2014. "Urban agriculture of the future: an overview of sustainability aspects of food production in and on buildings," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 31(1), pages 33-51, March.
    12. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:6:p:1010-:d:101236 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Devi Buehler & Ranka Junge, 2016. "Global Trends and Current Status of Commercial Urban Rooftop Farming," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(11), pages 1-16, October.
    14. Thomas Krikser & Annette Piorr & Regine Berges & Ina Opitz, 2016. "Urban Agriculture Oriented towards Self-Supply, Social and Commercial Purpose: A Typology," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(3), pages 1-19, August.
    15. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:5:p:446:d:69503 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1168-:d:103543 is not listed on IDEAS
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    18. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:4:p:1085-:d:139673 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Julia Bausch & Hallie Eakin & Skaidra Smith-Heisters & Abigail York & Dave White & Cathy Rubiños & Rimjhim Aggarwal, 2015. "Development pathways at the agriculture–urban interface: the case of Central Arizona," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 32(4), pages 743-759, December.
    20. Bernd Pölling, 2016. "Comparison of Farm Structures, Success Factors, Obstacles, Clients’ Expectations and Policy Wishes of Urban Farming’s Main Business Models in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(5), pages 1-23, May.
    21. Saverio Miccoli & Fabrizio Finucci & Rocco Murro, 2014. "A Monetary Measure of Inclusive Goods: The Concept of Deliberative Appraisal in the Context of Urban Agriculture," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 6(12), pages 1-20, December.
    22. Giordano Ruggeri & Chiara Mazzocchi & Stefano Corsi, 2016. "Urban Gardeners’ Motivations in a Metropolitan City: The Case of Milan," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(11), pages 1-19, October.
    23. Giulia Capotorti & Barbara Mollo & Laura Zavattero & Ilaria Anzellotti & Laura Celesti-Grapow, 2015. "Setting Priorities for Urban Forest Planning. A Comprehensive Response to Ecological and Social Needs for the Metropolitan Area of Rome (Italy)," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 7(4), pages 1-19, April.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    multifunctional landscape; ecosystem services; food systems; sustainable development; urban agriculture;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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