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Biosecurity on Poultry Farms from On-Farm Fluidized Bed Combustion and Energy Recovery from Poultry Litter

Author

Listed:
  • Barry Bowen

    () (Biosystems Engineering, School of Agriculture, Food and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland)

  • Declan Lynch

    () (Biosystems Engineering, School of Agriculture, Food and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland)

  • Deirdre Lynch

    () (Department of Chemical & Environmental Sciences, University of Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland)

  • Anne Marie Henihan

    () (Department of Chemical & Environmental Sciences, University of Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland)

  • James J. Leahy

    () (Department of Chemical & Environmental Sciences, University of Limerick, County Limerick, Ireland)

  • Kevin McDonnell

    () (Biosystems Engineering, School of Agriculture, Food and Veterinary Medicine, University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland)

Abstract

The spreading of poultry litter in recent years has led to a serious increase in levels of eutrophication, nitrate leaching, high Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD), ammonia toxicity, high chlorine concentrations and pathogen contamination. The review presented here details the optimum standards that should be met when storing litter for On-Farm Fluidized Bed Combustion. Storage conditions are paramount to a fuel combusting to its highest possible potential. Safety measures such as the prevention of leaching and spontaneous combustion must be adhered to, so too should the prevention and containment of possible diseases and pathogens to minimize the effects of contamination.

Suggested Citation

  • Barry Bowen & Declan Lynch & Deirdre Lynch & Anne Marie Henihan & James J. Leahy & Kevin McDonnell, 2010. "Biosecurity on Poultry Farms from On-Farm Fluidized Bed Combustion and Energy Recovery from Poultry Litter," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(7), pages 1-9, July.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:2:y:2010:i:7:p:2135-2143:d:8974
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    biosecurity; storage; welfare; sustainable; energy;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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