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The Challenge to Revert Unsustainable Trends: Uneven Development and Water Degradation in the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area

Author

Listed:
  • Antonio A. R. Ioris

    () (Lecturer in Geography, School of Geosciences, and Research Fellow at the Aberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability (ACES), University of Aberdeen. Postal address: Department of Geography, Elphinstone Road, AB24 3UF, Aberdeen, UK)

  • Maria A. M. Costa

    () (Doctoral Student, Urban and Regional Planning Research Institute (IPPUR), Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. Postal address: IPPUR, Prédio da Reitoria, sala 543, Cidade Universitária - llha do Fundão - Rio de Janeiro (RJ), 21941-590, Brazil)

Abstract

The search for water sustainability requires not only a combination of technical and managerial responses, but also firm action against socioeconomic injustices and political inequalities. The recognition of the politicised nature of water problems deserves particular attention in areas marred by long-term trends of environmental degradation and social exclusion. A case study of the Baixada Fluminense, an urbanised wetland in the Metropolitan Area of Rio de Janeiro, illustrates the challenge to reverse unsustainable practices in situations where water problems have been politically and electorally exploited. The research made use of an interdisciplinary approach to assess past and present initiatives that have attempted, but systematically failed, to restore river ecology and improve water services. The empirical results have important implications for water policy making and urban planning.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio A. R. Ioris & Maria A. M. Costa, 2009. "The Challenge to Revert Unsustainable Trends: Uneven Development and Water Degradation in the Rio de Janeiro Metropolitan Area," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 1(2), pages 1-28, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:gam:jsusta:v:1:y:2009:i:2:p:133-160:d:4615
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Water sustainability; water policy; water conflicts; river restoration; environmental justice; integrated water management; Baixada Fluminense; Rio de Janeiro;

    JEL classification:

    • Q - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics
    • Q0 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - General
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products

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