IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Real Economy: Trends and Factors


  • Olga Izryadnova

    (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)


Throughout 2012 the macroeconomic situation has been characterized by the gradual decrease of the economic activity. It was the simultaneous slowdown of both the internal and external demand growth rates that was one of the factors contributing to the low dynamics of 2012. According to the preliminary data of the RF Ministry of Economic Development, in 2012 GDP growth rates made 103.4% versus the previous year, investments in fixed assets – 106.7%, retail trade turnover – 105.9%. In 2012 the growth rates of the industry slowed down to 102.6% versus 104.7% in 2011. The plunge in the agriculture production of 4.7% versus 2011 had a negative effect on the output.

Suggested Citation

  • Olga Izryadnova, 2013. "Real Economy: Trends and Factors," Russian Economic Developments, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, issue 2, pages 29-34, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:gai:recdev:71

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Real economy; trends;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:gai:recdev:71. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Victor Hugues). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.