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Real Economy: Trends and Factors


  • Olga Izryadnova

    (Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy)


In Q3 2012 the GDP growth rates slowed down to 2.8% versus 3.9% in Q2 and 4.9% in Q1 2012. In September 2012 as compared with September 2011 investments in fixed assets contracted by 1.3% and workload in construction – by 5.6%. In September 2012 for the first time in the post-crisis period growth rates in machine-building were observed to be below the average for manufacturing production and for the industry as a whole. Economic growth rates slowing down, acceleration of growth rates of the real incomes of the population by 3.8% and of the real wages – by 6.6% versus September 2011 contributes to the trend of the production costs increase due to the growth of labor remuneration costs and leads to the worsening of enterprises’ operation results. The decrease of the general unemployment to the level that is the minimum for ten-year period can be characterized as a plus.

Suggested Citation

  • Olga Izryadnova, 2012. "Real Economy: Trends and Factors," Russian Economic Developments, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, issue 11, pages 24-28, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:gai:recdev:15

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    More about this item


    Real economy; trends;

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E60 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - General


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