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Time: Meanings, Perspectives And Approaches


  • Hanen KHANCHEL

    () (Ecole Supérieure de Commerce de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisie)

  • Karim BEN KAHLA

    (Institut Supérieur de Comptabilité et d’Administration des Entreprises, Tunis,Tunisie)


This paper provides a brief review of the literature related to time. First, the paper discusses ways that individuals represent time. Then the quantitative and the qualitative perspectives of time are discussed. Temporal dimensions in organizations, such as time orientation, polychronicity, and time urgency, are described. The paper may provide implications for academics whose research is related to behaviour over time

Suggested Citation

  • Hanen KHANCHEL & Karim BEN KAHLA, 2012. "Time: Meanings, Perspectives And Approaches," Review of General Management, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Management Brasov, vol. 16(2), pages 187-202, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:fmb:journl:v:16:y:2012:i:2:p:187-202

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Quah, Danny T, 1996. "Twin Peaks: Growth and Convergence in Models of Distribution Dynamics," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 1045-1055, July.
    2. Sala-i-Martin, Xavier X, 1996. "The Classical Approach to Convergence Analysis," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 106(437), pages 1019-1036, July.
    3. Barro, Robert J & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 100(2), pages 223-251, April.
      • Barro, R.J. & Sala-I-Martin, X., 1991. "Convergence," Papers 645, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
      • Barro, Robert J. & Sala-i-Martin, Xavier, 1992. "Convergence," Scholarly Articles 3451299, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    4. Lee, Kevin & Pesaran, M Hashem & Smith, Ron, 1997. "Growth and Convergence in Multi-country Empirical Stochastic Solow Model," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 12(4), pages 357-392, July-Aug..
    5. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
    6. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    7. Danny Quah, 1996. "Twin Peaks: Growth and Convergence in Models of Distribution Dynamics," CEP Discussion Papers dp0280, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    8. Michele Boldrin & Fabio Canova, 2001. "Inequality and convergence in Europe's regions: reconsidering European regional policies," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 16(32), pages 205-253, April.
    9. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10091 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Kevin Lee & M. Hashem Pesaran & Ron Smith, "undated". "Growth and Convergence in a Multi-County empirical Stochastic Solow Model," Discussion Papers in Economics 96/14, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
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    More about this item


    Time perspectives; organizational research; time orientation; polychronicity; time urgency.;

    JEL classification:

    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply


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