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US-Bound IPOs: Issue Costs and Selective Entry

Author

Listed:
  • Robert Bruner
  • Susan Chaplinsky
  • Latha Ramchand

Abstract

We examine 245 international firms making initial public offerings (IPOs) in the United States between 1991 and 1999, and compare their underwriting fees and indirect costs of underpricing to the IPOs of domestic US issuers. Our results indicate that foreign IPOs experience approximately the same costs on average as domestic IPOs. The risk of foreign IPOs arising from asymmetric information and high country risk is offset by characteristics that reduce their risk relative to domestic US IPOs. Foreign US IPO issuers are larger firms with tangible assets that originate from countries sharing a common border and language with the United States. These issues occur following periods of strong home market equity performance and stable currency conditions, which help to alleviate country risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Bruner & Susan Chaplinsky & Latha Ramchand, 2004. "US-Bound IPOs: Issue Costs and Selective Entry," Financial Management, Financial Management Association, vol. 33(3), Fall.
  • Handle: RePEc:fma:fmanag:brunerchaplinskyramchand04
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Cai, Kelly Nianyun & Lee, Hei Wai & Valero, Magali, 2010. "Changing underwriting practices on underpricing of U.S. global initial public offerings," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 63(12), pages 1317-1323, December.
    2. Valero, Magali & Lee, Hei Wai & Cai, Nianyun (Kelly), 2009. "Cross-listing pursuit of unseasoned foreign firms after going public in the U.S," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 62(8), pages 797-804, August.
    3. Hursti, Jani & Maula, Markku V.J., 2007. "Acquiring financial resources from foreign equity capital markets: An examination of factors influencing foreign initial public offerings," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 833-851, November.
    4. Yang, Ting & Lau, Sie Ting, 2006. "Choice of foreign listing location: Experience of Chinese firms," Pacific-Basin Finance Journal, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 311-326, June.
    5. Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Hao, (Grace) Qing, 2011. "Insider trading law enforcement and gross spreads of ADR IPOs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1907-1917, August.
    6. Ayyagari, Meghana & Doidge, Craig, 2010. "Does cross-listing facilitate changes in corporate ownership and control?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 208-223, January.
    7. Bruner, Robert & Chaplinsky, Susan & Ramchand, Latha, 2006. "Coming to America: IPOs from emerging market issuers," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 7(3), pages 191-212, September.
    8. Lindorfer, Robert & d'Arcy, Anne & Puck, Jonas, 2016. "Location Decisions and the Liability of Foreignness: Spillover Effects Between Factor Market and Capital Market Strategies," Journal of International Management, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 222-233.
    9. Garner, Jacqueline L. & Marshall, Beverly B., 2010. "The non-7% solution," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1664-1674, July.
    10. repec:eee:mulfin:v:40:y:2017:i:c:p:1-13 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Yaseen Alhaj-Yaseen, 2013. "Cross-listing in the home market after going public in the U.S," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 37(2), pages 274-292, April.
    12. Caglio, Cecilia & Hanley, Kathleen Weiss & Marietta-Westberg, Jennifer, 2016. "Going public abroad," Journal of Corporate Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 103-122.
    13. Visaltanachoti, Nuttawat & Yang, Ting, 2010. "Speed of convergence to market efficiency for NYSE-listed foreign stocks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 594-605, March.
    14. Alhaj-Yaseen, Yaseen S. & Lam, Eddery & Barkoulas, John T., 2014. "Price discovery for cross-listed firms with foreign IPOs," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 80-87.
    15. Chaplinsky, Susan & Ramchand, Latha, 2012. "What drives delistings of foreign firms from U.S. Exchanges?," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 1126-1148.
    16. Tourani-Rad, Alireza & Gilbert, Aaron & Chen, Jun, 2016. "Are foreign IPOs really foreign? Price efficiency and information asymmetry of Chinese foreign IPOs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 95-106.
    17. Chen, Hsuan-Chi & Fauver, Larry & Yang, Pei-Ching, 2009. "What do investment banks charge to underwrite American Depositary Receipts?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 609-618, April.
    18. Congsheng Wu, 2012. "Country risk and valuation of US-listed foreign IPOs," Managerial Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 38(10), pages 939-957, August.
    19. Cai, Kelly & Zhu, Hui, 2015. "Cultural distance and foreign IPO underpricing variations," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 99-114.
    20. Güçbilmez, Ufuk, 2014. "Why do some Chinese technology firms avoid ChiNext and go public in the US?," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 179-194.

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