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The Wal-Mart effect: Poison or antidote for local communities?


  • Terry J. Fitzgerald
  • Ronald A. Wirtz


The debate over Wal-Mart is a heated one. How can you tell whether the world?s largest retailer is good or bad for your community?

Suggested Citation

  • Terry J. Fitzgerald & Ronald A. Wirtz, 2008. "The Wal-Mart effect: Poison or antidote for local communities?," Fedgazette, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, vol. 20(Jan), pages 1-5.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedmga:y:2008:i:jan:p:1-5:n:v.20no.1

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    Cited by:

    1. Stephan J. Goetz & Sundar S. Shrestha, 2009. "Explaining Self‐Employment Success and Failure: Wal‐Mart Versus Starbucks, or Schumpeter Versus Putnam," Social Science Quarterly, Southwestern Social Science Association, vol. 90(1), pages 22-38, March.


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