IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this article or follow this journal

Banking relationships of lower-income families and the governmental trend toward electronic payment

  • anonymous
Registered author(s):

    In the past three years, the federal government and many states have lowered their costs of administering welfare and benefits programs by expanding the use of electronic payment. These initiatives promise to have their greatest significance, and meet their greatest challenge, among lower-income families, the demographic group with the lowest rate of bank account ownership and the least familiarity with electronic transactions. Although the payment programs do not require a banking relationship, the move to electronic transfer may change the financial practices of many recipients without a deposit account or with no banking relationship at all. For example, they may continue to obtain cash from check cashing outlets and grocery stores, but the attraction of a bank account may become heightened by a federal plan to make special accounts available at depository institutions primarily for the electronic transfer of federal payments. Moreover, the greater use of the banking system by lower-income families could harmonize with the emphasis that welfare reform has placed on asset-building, a goal that may be harder to achieve without the use of a bank account. This article examines the ways in which lower-income families obtain checking and credit services, the effects that the government move to electronic payment may have on these families and on depository institutions, and the promotional and educational efforts that may be needed to facilitate the move of the unbanked to electronic services.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.) in its journal Federal Reserve Bulletin.

    Volume (Year): (1999)
    Issue (Month): Jul ()
    Pages: 459-473

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgrb:y:1999:i:jul:p:459-473:n:v.85no.7
    Contact details of provider: Postal: 20th Street and Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20551
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    Order Information: Email:

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:fip:fedgrb:y:1999:i:jul:p:459-473:n:v.85no.7. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Kris Vajs)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.