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Increasing access to capital: could better measurement of social and environmental outcomes entice more institutional investment capital into underserved communities?

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  • Hagerman, Lisa A.
  • Ratcliffe, Janneke

Abstract

The role of capital in promoting growth is more apparent than ever as communities across the country struggle to bolster sagging economies and stem job losses brought on by the credit crunch. Although it may seem now that all markets are undercapitalized, some areas are chronically undercapitalized, including inner-city urban markets, rural markets, low-income communities, and enterprises owned by minorities and women or serving undervalued customer bases. Their struggle for capital means a struggle to thrive, and for owners, entrepreneurs, employees, customers, and communities, whether they will have a chance to reap the benefits of economic opportunity.

Suggested Citation

  • Hagerman, Lisa A. & Ratcliffe, Janneke, 2009. "Increasing access to capital: could better measurement of social and environmental outcomes entice more institutional investment capital into underserved communities?," Community Development Investment Review, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue 2, pages 43-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedfcr:y:2009:p:43-64:n:v.5no.2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Alicia Robb & Robert Fairlie, 2006. "Access to Financial Capital Among U.S. Businesses: The Case of African-American Firms," Working Papers 06-33, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    2. Miriam Wasserman, 2000. "Mining data," Regional Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Q3, pages 17-24.
    3. Joe Peek & Eric Rosengren, 1998. "The evolution of bank lending to small business," New England Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, issue Mar, pages 27-36.
    4. Gregory D. Squires & Sally O'Connor, 1999. "Access to capital: Milwaukee's small business lending gaps," Proceedings 773, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    5. P. K├Âllinger & M. Minniti, 2006. "Not for Lack of Trying: American Entrepreneurship in Black and White," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 59-79, August.
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