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Public Pension Expenditure in the New EU Member States: A Panel Data Approach

Author

Listed:
  • Lorena Skuflic

    (University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business, Zagreb, Hrvatska)

  • Mira Krpan

    (University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business, Zagreb, Hrvatska)

  • Ana Pavkovic

    (University of Zagreb, Faculty of Economics and Business, Zagreb, Hrvatska)

Abstract

Sustainability and stability of public pension systems based on the pay-as-you-go social security scheme have been challenged by the aging societies of industrial economies. This paper concentrates on pension systems of eleven post-socialist economies referred to as the New Member States of the European Union that share a similar history of adaptations to a market economy and establishment of multi-pillar pension systems. Due to similar demographic and economic challenges, their pension systems are facing, and the corresponding pension reforms aimed at enhancing their pension systems´ sustainability, we empirically test for the convergence of public pension expenditure to GDP among these economies in the period between 1995 and 2017. At the same time, the impact of various macroeconomic, demographic, and institutional variables on public pension expenditure to GDP is empirically estimated. The results provide evidence of convergence in terms of public pension expenditure to GDP among the New Member States of the European Union, while also revealing the fiscal burden that population aging represents for the analyzed pension systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Lorena Skuflic & Mira Krpan & Ana Pavkovic, 2020. "Public Pension Expenditure in the New EU Member States: A Panel Data Approach," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 70(3), pages 216-243, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:70:y:2020:i:3:p:216-243
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    File URL: https://journal.fsv.cuni.cz/mag/article/show/id/1460
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    pension system; PAYG; new EU member states; sustainability; convergence;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H55 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Social Security and Public Pensions

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