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Modeling Credit Losses for Multiple Loan Portfolios

Author

Listed:
  • Petr Gapko

    (Econometric Department, Institute of Information Theory and Automation, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic)

  • Martin Smid

    (Econometric Department, Institute of Information Theory and Automation, Czech Academy of Sciences, Czech Republic)

Abstract

We propose a dynamic structural model of credit risk of multiple loan portfolios. In line with Merton, Vasicek and Pykhtin, we assume that a loan defaults if the assets of the debtor fall below his liabilities, and the subsequent loss is determined by the collateral value. For each loan, the assets, liabilities and the collateral value each depends on a common and an individual factor. By applying our model to two nationwide United States loan portfolios with real estate collateral, we demonstrate its considerable predicting power and show that, similarly to calculations under prudential regulation, it can be used within financial institutions to measure credit risk under various macroeconomic situations and different probability levels. This makes the model usable for quantification of loan loss allowances under IFRS9 or for stress tests of credit risk.

Suggested Citation

  • Petr Gapko & Martin Smid, 2019. "Modeling Credit Losses for Multiple Loan Portfolios," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 69(6), pages 558-579, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:69:y:2019:i:6:p:558-579
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    File URL: http://journal.fsv.cuni.cz/mag/article/show/id/1450
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    credit risk; mortgage; loan portfolio; dynamic model; cointegration;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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