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Hedging Strategies and Financial Risks


  • Zdenìk Zmeškal


Hedging strategies represent basic instrument used toward eliminating financial risk. Increasing volatility of financial markets and their globalization also lead to higher financial risks. These aspects are especially important for transitional and small open economies. The basic goal of the paper is to show the derivation and application possibilities of select hedging strategies. Five basic hedging strategies ? delta hedging, minimum variance, minimum value at risk, maximum expected utility value, and minimum shortfall ? are derived and described. All the strategies are derived for two asset portfolios consisting of risk assets (share, bond, commodity price, and exchange rate) and hedged assets (financial derivative). Another common assumption is that random variables are normally distributed. Examples of exchange rate, interest-rate, equity and commodity-risk hedging are described. Several applications are suitable for small open economies that lack liquid capital market with limited secondary derivative market.

Suggested Citation

  • Zdenìk Zmeškal, 2004. "Hedging Strategies and Financial Risks," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 54(1-2), pages 50-63, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:54:y:2004:i:1-2:p:50-63

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    hedging; delta hedging; variance minimization; value at risk minimization; expected utility maximization; shortfall minimization; financial derivative;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G13 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Contingent Pricing; Futures Pricing
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • P43 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Finance; Public Finance


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