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Odhad parametrù modelù ve stavovém tvaru


  • Jan Vlèek


Èlánek struènì shrnuje dosavadní pøístupy k odhadu parametrù a poèáteèních podmínek pro modely ve stavovém tvaru. Ukazuje možnosti využití jednotlivých metod, stejnì jako jejich výhody a nevýhody. Podrobnìji je zde zmiòována metoda maximální vìrohodnosti pro modely ve stavovém tvaru, která k výpoètu vìrohodnostní funkce využívá výstupy Kalmanova filtru. Výhodou této metody je její relativní jednoduchost, a zejména možnost použití pro odhad parametrù a poèáteèních podmínek pro modely ve stavovém tvaru. V druhé èásti èlánku je metoda využita pro odhad parametrù malého monetárního modelu otevøené ekonomiky. Model je odvozen na mikroekonomických základech a odhadnut prezentovanou metodou na èeských datech.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Vlèek, 2002. "Odhad parametrù modelù ve stavovém tvaru," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 52(5), pages 275-286, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:52:y:2002:i:5:p:275-286

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. G. Coenen & J.-L. Vega, 2001. "The demand for M3 in the euro area," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(6), pages 727-748.
    2. Johansen, Soren, 1992. "Determination of Cointegration Rank in the Presence of a Linear Trend," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 54(3), pages 383-397, August.
    3. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    4. Armour, J. & Atta-Mensah, J. & Engert, W. & Hendry, S., 1996. "A Distant-Early-Warning Model of Inflation Based on M1 Disequilibria," Staff Working Papers 96-5, Bank of Canada.
    5. Hendry, David F. & Ericsson, Neil R., 1991. "Modeling the demand for narrow money in the United Kingdom and the United States," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 35(4), pages 833-881, May.
    6. Ball, Laurence, 2001. "Another look at long-run money demand," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 31-44, February.
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    More about this item


    stavový popis; maximální vìrohodnost; Kalmanùv filtr;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • E50 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - General


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