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Inflation and Income Distribution

Author

Listed:
  • Aleš Bulíø
  • Anne-Marie Gulde

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of inflation and associated financial instability on income distribution. Using both panel and single-country time-series models, the level of inflation, inflation variability, and the variability of the nominal exchange rate are shown to increase overall income equality. Looking at disaggregate measures of income distribution, the issue as to whether inflation is a progressive or a regressive tax is found to be negatively correlated with the level of development and the sophistication of the financial structure. The paper argues that these results point toward financial variables as a partial way of rectifying the generally poor explanatory power of both cross-country, panel, and time-series models of income distribution.

Suggested Citation

  • Aleš Bulíø & Anne-Marie Gulde, 2000. "Inflation and Income Distribution," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 50(4), pages 207-223, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:fau:fauart:v:50:y:2000:i:4:p:207-223
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    File URL: http://journal.fsv.cuni.cz/mag/article/show/id/278
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    inflation; income distribution; Kuznets hypothesis;

    JEL classification:

    • E25 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Aggregate Factor Income Distribution
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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