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Il tasso di rendimento dell'istruzione: l'approccio growth mixed model

  • Stefano Verzillo

La stima empirica del ritorno dell’istruzione sul reddito si pone come uno strumento utile alla valutazione dell’efficienza esterna dell’istruzione superiore. Il presente lavoro introduce un nuovo approccio metodologico alla stima dei tassi di ritorno dell’istruzione sul reddito. Si propone un modello di crescita ad effetti casuali (growth mixed model) per stimare in un’ottica sia di tipo cross-section che longitudinale il tasso di ritorno dell’istruzione sul reddito. Tale approccio integra sia il problema di autoselezione dovuto alla selezione non-casuale del campione di percettori di reddito sia il bias dovuto all’endogeneità dell’istruzione, attraverso i noti metodi del "Propensity Score" e dell’approccio "Two-Stage" di Heckman. L’applicazione empirica del modello proposto è rivolta alla stima dei differenziali di reddito tra differenti livelli educazionali per i laureati di una Università milanese nel periodo 2003-2005, attraverso l’utilizzo di una base dati di natura amministrativa, ricavata dall’integrazione degli archivi universitari, da quelli provinciali/nazionali inerenti il mercato lavorativo lombardo e i redditi dichiarati.

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Article provided by FrancoAngeli Editore in its journal QUADERNI DI ECONOMIA DEL LAVORO.

Volume (Year): 2010/92 (2010)
Issue (Month): 92 ()
Pages: 63-81

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Handle: RePEc:fan:quaqua:v:html10.3280/qua2010-092005
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