Divari di sviluppo e politiche regionali: i risultati di alcune simulazioni
Divari di sviluppo e politiche regionali: i risultati di alcune simulazioni (di Roberto Basile, Marianna Mantuano) - ABSTRACT: The first part of this paper focuses on long-term regional economic development in Italy, using the most reliable and updated data at both NUTS 1 (Mezzogiorno and North-Center) and NUTS 2 (the twenty regions) level for the period 1963-2001. Regional development paths are studied by using a simple decomposition of per capita income into a series of employment and labour productivity. The results of the exercise reveal a complex pattern of changing forces resulting in uneven convergence and highlight the importance of employment performance for the evolution of regional disparities in income per capita. The rest of the paper analyses the relation between regional economic development and public policies. In particular, counterfactual policy experiments have been carried out to evaluate the impact of two different instruments (public work expenditure and direct incentives) The results show that only a largely differentiated public expenditure in infrastructural programs between Mezzogiorno and Centre-North can allow Southern regions to achieve a fast convergence process.
Volume (Year): 2002/4 (2002)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
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