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Farmers’ Rights , tutela della biodiversità e salvaguardia delle risorse genetiche: l’esperienza del Canada

  • Lorenza Paoloni
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    I Farmers’ Rights sono stati introdotti dal Trattato internazionale sulle risorse genetiche vegetali per l’alimentazione e l’agricoltura nel 2001 quale riconoscimento del contributo che gli agricoltori e le comunità rurali hanno dato nella creazione, conservazione, scambio e valorizzazione delle risorse genetiche. Essi sono dei diritti collettivi che appaiono antitetici ai quelli di natura individuale rappresentati dai diritti di proprietà intellettuale che hanno determinato, da parte delle multinazionali farmaceutiche e del seme, la sottrazione dell’uso di dette risorse alle comunità rurali. Nell’attuale fase storica è importante l’affermazione dei "diritti degli agricoltori" sulle risorse genetiche ai fini sia della sicurezza alimentare che della preservazione dell’ambiente e della biodiversità; contribuiscono, altresì, alla prevenzione del cambiamento climatico e al mantenimento delle conoscenze tradizionali e locali.

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    Article provided by FrancoAngeli Editore in its journal AGRICOLTURA ISTITUZIONI MERCATI.

    Volume (Year): 2009/3 (2009)
    Issue (Month): 3 ()
    Pages: 11-39

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    Handle: RePEc:fan:aimaim:v:html10.3280/aim2009-003002
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