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Desemprego tecnológico: Ricardo, Marx e o caso da indústria de transformação brasileira (1990-2007)

Author

Listed:
  • Couto, Joaquim Miguel
  • Cezar Silvestre , Rodolfo
  • de Fátima Garcia , Maria
  • Eduardo de Freitas , Carlos

Abstract

Technological unemployment: Ricardo, Marx, and the case of the manufacturing industry in Brazil (1990-2007) The issue of technological unemployment was a cause for concern for two of the greatest thinkers in the field of economic science: David Ricardo and Karl Marx. Both believed that the introduction of new machines could bring about chronic unemployment for a certain period of time. However, this was only a possibility that had already taken place within English industrial capitalism, but that could be avoid if new investments absorbed the workforce laid off by the introduction of new machinery. In the case of Brazil, the country underwent a restructuring period of its industrial base during the 1990s, which according to the methodology employed in our study, verified the existence of the technological unemployment phenomenon during much of the aforementioned decade.

Suggested Citation

  • Couto, Joaquim Miguel & Cezar Silvestre , Rodolfo & de Fátima Garcia , Maria & Eduardo de Freitas , Carlos, 2011. "Desemprego tecnológico: Ricardo, Marx e o caso da indústria de transformação brasileira (1990-2007)," Revista Economia e Sociedade, Instituto de Economia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), vol. 42, pages 1-29, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:euc:ancoec:v:42:y:2011:p:299-327
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    Keywords

    Technological unemployment; Ricardo; Marx; Manufacturing industry.;

    JEL classification:

    • L23 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Organization of Production
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • B31 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought: Individuals - - - Individuals

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