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Estrutura produtiva, restrição externa e crescimento econômico: a experiência brasileira

Author

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  • Lima, Gilberto Tadeu
  • Carvalho, Veridiana Ramos da Silva

Abstract

Productive structure, external constraint and economic growth: the Brazilian experience - We analyze the sharp drop in the growth rate that has been experienced by the Brazilian economy since the 1980s, using the balance-of-payments-constrained growth approach. Empirical results show that growth in the 1930-2004 period was balance-of-payments-constrained, with terms of trade and capital flows playing quite a minor role in the reaching of external equilibrium. The sharp drop in growth that has experienced since the 1980s, however, can be explained by a tighter external constraint, given the behavior of the terms of trade and capital flows. In the 1990s, on the other hand, a new development strategy made for a structural break in the income elasticity of imports, thus leading to a lower growth rate compatible with balance-of-payments equilibrium.

Suggested Citation

  • Lima, Gilberto Tadeu & Carvalho, Veridiana Ramos da Silva, 2009. "Estrutura produtiva, restrição externa e crescimento econômico: a experiência brasileira," Revista Economia e Sociedade, Instituto de Economia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), vol. 36, pages 1-30, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:euc:ancoec:v:36:y:2009:p:31-60
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    File URL: http://www.eco.unicamp.br/docdownload/publicacoes/instituto/revistas/economia-e-sociedade/V18-F1-S36/02%20EconomiaSociedade%20Artigo2.pdf
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Raphael Rocha Gouvea & Gilberto Tadeu Lima, 2010. "Structural change, balance-of-payments constraint, and economic growth: evidence from the multisectoral Thirlwall's law," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 169-204, October.
    2. Jo„o Prates Romero & FabrÌcio Silveira & Gustavo Britto, 2011. "Structural change, National Innovation System and balance-of-payments constraint: a theoretical and empirical analysis of the Brazilian case," Textos para Discussão Cedeplar-UFMG 440, Cedeplar, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Productive structure; External constraint; Economic growth.;

    JEL classification:

    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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