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De creatieve stad.Concurreren in de kenniseconomie


  • G.-J.Hospers


In this paper the position of cities in the present knowledge economy is explored. We argue that the knowledge economy asks for ‘creative cities’, being cities that are able to combine both concentration, diversity, instability as well as a positive image in the outside world. After having reviewed examples of creative cities in history and recent ‘best practices’ of such cities in the European economy, we conclude that knowledge, creativity and innovation cannot be planned by local governments. This is not to say, however, that local policy makers cannot play a part in preparing cities for the knowledge economy. In our view, by providing framework conditions local governments may give co-incidence a helping hand and increase the chance that knowledge, creativity and innovation emerge.

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  • G.-J.Hospers, 2005. "De creatieve stad.Concurreren in de kenniseconomie," Review of Business and Economic Literature, KU Leuven, Faculty of Economics and Business, Review of Business and Economic Literature, vol. 0(3), pages 389-418.
  • Handle: RePEc:ete:revbec:20050302

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    1. Bovenberg, A. Lans & Graafland, Johan J. & de Mooij, Ruud A., 2000. "Tax reform and the Dutch labor market: an applied general equilibrium approach," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1-2), pages 193-214, October.
    2. Donders, Jan & Graafland, Johan, 1998. "CPB models and employment policy in the Netherlands," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 341-356, July.
    3. Graafland, J.J. & Huizinga, F.H., 1998. "Taxes and benefits in a non-linear wage equation," MPRA Paper 21076, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Draper, D.A.G., 2000. "Towards an econometric model for the Netherlands : Explaining unemployment," Other publications TiSEM 8d6f0572-d552-4ca2-9df3-6, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
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