IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

An Empirical Analysis of the Recycling System of Waste Products in the Japanese Economy (in Japanese)

Listed author(s):
  • Masahiko Shimizu
  • Mikio Suga
  • Takashi Saito
  • Masahide Hayashida
  • Toshiyuki Tanabe
  • Kazuyoshi Nakata
Registered author(s):

    1. Purpose The purpose of this study is to design the system of recycling based society which "the Basic Law for Establishing the Recycling- based Society" aims, and construct an econometric model of Japanese economy in which resource recycling processes or activities are explicitly introduced. Furthermore, we will propose some simulations of promoting recycling of iron scrap, glass bottle, aluminum ingot, waste paper and PET resin. 2. Background There are quality gaps between products made from recycled materials (RM) and those made from virgin materials (VM). If there are not the condition where price of RM is sufficiently lower than price of VM, it would be difficult to promote utilization of RM. Therefore, promoting utilization of RM semi-compulsorily through changing relative price of RM and VM by means of policies like subsidizing or removing tax burden can be effective. However, we must investigate the proper method while comparing costs accompanying possible policies. Furthermore, the change of recycling rate in specific sector affects price system or production in the whole economy through technological interdependency among industries, and also affects emission of carbon dioxide. We must investigate by considering and estimating influences of recycling promoting policy to whole economy. 3. Method We constructed sub-models of five different materials; iron scrap, glass bottle, aluminum ingot, waste paper and PET resin. The substitutions between RM and VM which are accompanied by changes in relative price are described in sub-models. We analyzed empirically influences of recycling promoting policy to whole economy by applying Leontief's input output analysis based on results from sub-models. For example, we estimated changes in relative prices generated by subsidizing, and changes in emission of carbon dioxide from production. 4. Implication The influence of recycling promoting policy to emission of carbon dioxide seems to be small. However our purpose is not to show that the impact of specific policy in removing environmental burden is impressive. As we mentioned above, what our research objective is "Does any market mechanism work between RM and VM?". If no market mechanism was effective between RM and VM, our society have to pay high social costs to promote recycling, or we have to wait until new technology appears. If we discovered some possibilities of market mechanisms between RM and VM, then recycling based society will naturally become taking advantage of recycling promoting policies.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI) in its journal Economic Analysis.

    Volume (Year): 173 (2004)
    Issue (Month): (March)
    Pages: 3-136

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:esj:esriea:173a
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    1-6-1 Nagata-cho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8914

    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:esj:esriea:173a. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (KAWAMOTO Takuma)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.