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Algunas consideraciones sobre los errores epistemológicos de la Teoría Marxista de lo Político


  • Caparrós Valderrama, Rafael


Despite its remarkable pretensions of scientific nature, Marxism is not a scientific theory, as far as it is epistemologically built upon Hegel dialectical metaphysics idealist model. The three great epistemological mistakes evolving Marx's thought --Theologizing, economic determinism and radical holism-- all of them derive from object immanency, featuring Hegel's dialectics. Those three problems have heavy political consequences, which appear both inside the famous discussion on revisionism within German social-democracy in the beginning of the XXth century, and inside political de-naturalisation of 1917 soviet revolution. For the second item, pointed the blame toward Lenin and, above all, Stalin, a certain "omission negligence" can be attributed to Marx, as a result of his theo-retical misevaluation of the revolutionary being. Notwithstanding, Marx is and has been one of the most important thinkers all along the history, while, Marxism, as a weltanschauung (world view) and a political ideology, remains most needed than ever, as one of the main approaches of social thought.

Suggested Citation

  • Caparrós Valderrama, Rafael, 2007. "Algunas consideraciones sobre los errores epistemológicos de la Teoría Marxista de lo Político," Entelequia. Revista Interdisciplinar, Entelequia y Grupo (Universidad de Málaga), issue 3, pages 85-126, Spring.
  • Handle: RePEc:erv:ancoec:y:2007:i:3:p:85-126

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    Marxism; epistemology; science; politics; post-marxism; social-democracy; comunism; European Social Model;

    JEL classification:

    • B14 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought through 1925 - - - Socialist; Marxist
    • B24 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Socialist; Marxist; Scraffian
    • B51 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - Socialist; Marxian; Sraffian


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