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How Europe Matters. Different Mechanisms of Europeanization


  • Knill, Christoph
  • Lehmkuhl, Dirk


While much has been written about the European Union (EU), most of the scholarly work is concerned with the developments at the European level. It is only recently, that we observe increasing attempts to address this research deficit. Notwithstanding a growing number of studies explicitly concerned with the Europeanization of domestic institutions, we still lack consistent and systematic concepts to account for the varying patterns of institutional adjustment across countries and policy sectors. In order to arrive at a more general understanding of the domestic impact of European policy-making, this paper provides a more comprehensive explanatory framework. We distinguish three types of European policy-making, namely positive integration, negative integration, and what might be called "framing" integration, which are characterized by distinctive mechanisms of Europeanization, and hence require distinctive approaches in order to explain their domestic impact. We argue that it is the specific mechanism, rather than the nominal category of the policy area that is the most important factor to be taken into account when investigating the domestic impact of varying European policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Knill, Christoph & Lehmkuhl, Dirk, 1999. "How Europe Matters. Different Mechanisms of Europeanization," European Integration online Papers (EIoP), European Community Studies Association Austria (ECSA-A), vol. 3, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:erp:eiopxx:p0040

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    Cited by:

    1. Ömer UÐUR, 2016. "The Europranization of national Foreign Policies: The Examples og germany and France within the Framework of Ukraine Crisis," Turkish Economic Review, KSP Journals, vol. 3(3), pages 527-536, September.
    2. Tanja Börzel & Thomas Risse, 2000. "International Relations Theory and European Integration," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers 56, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
    3. Askim, Jostein & Claes, Dag Harald, 2011. "Part Hare, Part Tortoise - Explaining patterns in Norwegian public utilities reforms 1990-2010," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 87-94, June.
    4. Schüttpelz, Anne, 2004. "Policy transfer and pre-accession: Europeanisation of the Czech employment policy," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Internationalization and Organization SP III 2004-201, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
    5. Seikel, Daniel, 2014. "Nationale Anpassungsstrategien an das Fallrecht des Europäischen Gerichtshofes: Europäisierung durch Richterrecht und innenpolitische Veto-Positionen," WSI Working Papers 189, The Institute of Economic and Social Research (WSI), Hans-Böckler-Foundation.
    6. Marc Helbling, 2010. "Public debates on integration and immigration in six West European countries ," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers 22, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
    7. Torrisi, Gianpiero, 2007. "European Social Models between Globalisation and Europeanisation," MPRA Paper 12767, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Seikel, Daniel, 2011. "Wie die Europäische Kommission Liberalisierung durchsetzt: Der Konflikt um das öffentlich-rechtliche Bankenwesen in Deutschland," MPIfG Discussion Paper 11/16, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    9. Mark Aspinwall, 2009. "NAFTA-ization: Regionalization and Domestic Political Adjustment in the North American Economic Area," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47, pages 1-24, January.
    10. Alberto Asquer, 2009. "On the many Ways Europeanization Matters: The Implementation of the Water Reform in Italy (1994-2006)," CESifo Working Paper Series 2869, CESifo Group Munich.
    11. Matei, Lucica & Matei, Ani, 2010. "The Economic and Social Impact of Public Administration Europeanization," MPRA Paper 24267, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    12. Dimitris Papadimitriou & Eli Gateva, 2009. "Between Enlargement-led Europeanisation and Balkan Exceptionalism: an appraisal of Bulgaria’s and Romania’s entry into the European Union," GreeSE – Hellenic Observatory Papers on Greece and Southeast Europe 25, Hellenic Observatory, LSE.
    13. Wolf, Sebastian, 2011. "Euratom Before the Court: A Political Theory of Legal Non-Integration," European Integration online Papers (EIoP), European Community Studies Association Austria (ECSA-A), vol. 15, December.


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