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'The End of the Beginning' of Eastern Enlargement Luxembourg Summit and Agenda-setting


  • Friis, Lykke


The core argument of this article is that pre-negotiation matters. Policy problems are not just out there, but socially constructed. In order to comprehend the outcome of any negotiation it is therefore not sufficient just to look at the give and take at the actual bargaining table, but also at the negotiation to negotiate. Furthermore, the article argues that pre-negotiation carves out a role for agenda-setting, seeing that governments often enter this phase with un-fixed preferences. These central points of the article are summed up in a theoretical framework, which stands out as a critique of liberal intergovernmentalism. On the basis of this framework the article sets out to analyse the pre-negotiation phase of eastern enlargement, the Luxembourg Summit. Its key conclusion is that the majority of the governments entered this game searching for their preferences and that this enabled both the Commission and two smaller states to influence the outcome by setting the agenda in a specific way.

Suggested Citation

  • Friis, Lykke, 1998. "'The End of the Beginning' of Eastern Enlargement Luxembourg Summit and Agenda-setting," European Integration online Papers (EIoP), European Community Studies Association Austria (ECSA-A), vol. 2, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:erp:eiopxx:p0030

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Antoaneta Dimitrova & Bernard Steunenberg, 2000. "The Search for Convergence of National Policies in the European Union," European Union Politics, , vol. 1(2), pages 201-226, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Peter Viggo Jakobsen, 2009. "Small States, Big Influence: The Overlooked Nordic Influence on the Civilian ESDP," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47, pages 81-102, January.


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