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Impacto de NAFTA, TLACUEM y de la integración de China a la OMC: implicaciones para el mercado mundial de la berenjena

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  • Ramón G. Guajardo Quiroga
  • Maricela Ríos Castillo

Abstract

This paper studies the impact caused by NAFTA, TLCUEM and the integration of China to the WTO in the eggplant world market. Those impacts are measured as changes on commercial flows as well demand and supply prices among the countries and regions, included in this study, from a world market perspective. A spatial equilibrium model with endogenous prices was developed with six scenarios with and without tariff and nontariff barriers combined to trade with perfect competition and oligopolistic market structures. Among the findings were: (1) perfect competition was the market structure that better described the eggplant world market, (2) Mexican producers of eggplant benefited from the complete implementation of NAFTA and TLCUEM. However, a generalized world free trade could hurt Mexican producers. (3) The incorporation of China as a member of the WTO showed a negligible effect on the eggplant world market. However, further increases of China exports influence significantly the eggplant world market.

Suggested Citation

  • Ramón G. Guajardo Quiroga & Maricela Ríos Castillo, 2006. "Impacto de NAFTA, TLACUEM y de la integración de China a la OMC: implicaciones para el mercado mundial de la berenjena," Ensayos Revista de Economia, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon, Facultad de Economia, vol. 0(2), pages 81-102, November.
  • Handle: RePEc:ere:journl:v:xxv:y:2006:i:2:p:81-102
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