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Does forest conversion promote growth and alleviate poverty ?


  • Mohd Parit Mamat

    (Forest Research Institute Malaysia)

  • Ismariah Ahmad

    () (Forest Research Institute Malaysia)

  • Lim Hin Fui

    () (Forest Research Institute Malaysia)

  • Noor Aini Zakaria

    () (Forest Research Institute Malaysia)


Since the formation of Malaysia in 1963, there was an obvious reduction in the forested area of Peninsular Malaysia. Statistical data from the Forestry Department Peninsular Malaysia showed that the forested area in 1970 decreased sharply from 8,012,600 ha to 6,361,400 ha in 1980 and finally declined to 5,788,523 ha in 2012. The major cause of forest area decline in Peninsular Malaysia was forest conversion to commercial agricultural crops, particularly oil palm and rubber, as well as other crops such as paddy, coconut, pineapple and cocoa. Oil palm plantation area in particular, increased from 99,580 ha in 1966 to 2,524,672 ha in 2010.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohd Parit Mamat & Ismariah Ahmad & Lim Hin Fui & Noor Aini Zakaria, 2013. "Does forest conversion promote growth and alleviate poverty ?," EAS Strategic Options, CIRAD, Forest department, UPR40, vol. 2013(19), pages 14-15, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:epf:easopt:201312

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